Fungal Nail Infection: Symptom, Causes, Prevention, and Fungal Nail Treatment

Does Onychomycosis or tinea unguium ring a bell? Most likely you have heard about this infection dressed as Fungal Nail.

If you´re concerned, looking to learn more and to find the best Fungus Nail Treatment London then this is your top to toe guide.

What is Fungal Nail?

The word fungus is for most people something that unfortunately comes with the idea of an infection caused by poor hygiene and can make people very insecure about themselves.

Fungus, caused by fungi are yeasts or moulds that can be found in the environment. If this bacterium gets into small cracks in the nail or skin it can and cause infections.

To start off with this infection isn´t a case of a life-threatening or rare disease, the fact is according to statistics 2-18% of the population are affected.

The groups that are prone to this infection are elderly as well as people with diabetes, weak immune system and problems with blood circulation. Also, men seem to be more prone than women to this infection. It can also be more common caused by certain activities and in some environments.

How to Identify a Fungus Nail

So what does a fungal nail look like? You can recognise symptoms of a fungus nail infection by thickening and change in colour. It tends to get discoloured yellow, brown, white or black and over time it can get fragile and start cracking. Sometimes the skin around the nail can be scaly and for some people, it comes with an unpleasant smell.

Be aware that nail fungus can easily be misdiagnosed. Sometimes lines and ridges can occur during pregnancy for example or red and black nails caused by trauma can occur blood under the nail. As well “senile nail” which is normal when ageing or nail psoriasis. These conditions can make the nails become brittle and separate and are all common conditions that can occur and easily be confused with the symptoms of nail fungus.

If concerned make sure to get it diagnosed, if left untreated it can cause pain and inflammation. The best thing to do is to visit a doctor that can make a diagnosis by looking at the nail of concern and recognising the symptoms. It can sometimes be necessary to do nail clipping to collect a sample for laboratories to be observed under a microscope for confirmed diagnosis.

What to do if concerned?

Remember the signs of fungal nail infection, yellow, brown, white, black and fragile. These signs could all state that its time to see a foot doctor, referred to as a Podiatrist. This medical-professional can help you to determine if Fungal Nail removal is necessary.

Podiatrist, this is a professional doctor, that´s trained for about four years in a podiatrist medical school. Here they learn how to diagnose and treat conditions of the lower limbs.

So in the case of a discoloured nail they can determine if the condition could be foot Fungal Nail and needs to get treated, here you will be in safe hands.

When to see a Podiatrist?

If you are concerned then the best thing to do is to get in contact and have it determined by a professional Podiatrist. Once confirmed then you can get help to find the right Fungal Nail remover.

The great news is that today everyone can get treated for this infection. Do remember to always contact a doctor if concerned, since if left untreated, the nail can start brittle and separate. Also, the skin around the infected area can become inflamed which can cause pain. This can make walking with shoes a problem and be writing with a pen a discomfort, which is something that you don´t wanna have to suffer from.

Causes of Nail Fungus

Fungus, microscopic organisms, most likely caused by the dermatophytes. The most common one is Trichophyton Rubric that causes fungal.

This fungus growFungal nail infections best when the nail supplies the perfect environment for them. They enter through cuts or separations in the nail, where it is most suitable and likely to grow because of the moist and warm. Sweating, walking barefoot and poor hygiene should be avoided for some people in certain conditions as well as in general, people need to be aware of that different environments can cause these kinds of infections.

Subtypes of Nail Fungus Infections

Case by case Nail Fungus can be divided into these following kinds of subtypes:

  • DLSO, being the most common type, Distal Lateral Subungual Onychomycosis. This type is the cause for most of the cases, where it infects the nail and the skin underneath. It´s more common to get found on the toenails rather than the fingers. Usually, it occurs as a small discoloured spot in the corner of the big toenail and is then spread slowly towards the cuticles. Other symptoms are yellow streaks in the nail bed, discolouration, and thickened nails that can start separating from the nail bed. Dirt can get stuck under the nail and cause a brown, ugly colour to the nail as well as an unpleasant smell. This infection also can cause fragile nails that get soft and starts to crumble.
  • PSO, is a less common subtype, Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis. It´s quite similar to the previous one explained. This infection starts by the cuticle and is spreading towards the nail tip, which is followed by the tip of the nail starts to raise from the toe. This type of fungal is quite rare and are usually diagnosed for people with a low immune system.
  • WSO, White Superficial Onychomycosis, is as the name reveals a type of Fungal Nail that causes white blemishes or streaks on top of the nail. These can get soft, dry and turn into powder as the infection is spreading. Eventually, the nail can get damaged, start to crumble and turn brown or grey. Indifference to the Distal-type this type does not raise from the nail bed.
  • Yeast Onychomycosis, caused by the yeast Candida and cause the increased thickness of the nail, colours such as yellow, brown and white. These are normal symptoms of this kind of fungal nail infection. Some people that are suffering from the candida yeast in their nails as well as a yeast infection in their mouths or suffers from Chronicle Paronychia which is a nail disease. This is one of the most normal types of skin infections.

Is Nail Fungal contagious?

The answer to the question is unfortunately “yes”. The fungal can be transferred from one person to another through direct or indirect contact. This means that for direct contact the transmission occurs when an infected person is in physical contact with another person.

Indirect contact means that it´s no human-to-human contact where the transmission occurs, and it can get spread very quickly. To keep in mind is that it also can be spread from one of your own nails to another.

So if you have the infection on your toes it can then get transferred to infect your fingernails. The risk of spreading is higher in warm, moist environments where fungal thrive. These areas are same as mentioned before, public areas, and if visited barefoot you’re more likely of being at a high risk for the infection.

Some other ways for it to get spread is through sharing personal belongings such as shoes or nail scissors with a person caring the infection. Also, higher risks occur at nail saloons if the hygiene is poor. Tools need to get sterilised and treated properly between the treatments.

If you believe you might be infected it´s very likely you got contaminated by another person. That´s why it´s very important to be aware of your personal hygiene to not spread the fungal any further.

How to prevent the spreading of Nail Fungus

Following is a list of what to do if you have fungal nail infection to avoid spreading it any further.

  • Avoid walking barefoot, both at home and at public areas.
  • Avoid sharing shoes with friends or family members.
  • Always change your socks and shoes regular as well making sure they´re clean.
  • Once after showering make sure to dry your feet.
  • Avoid wearing nail polish.Remember to give your feet the chance to ventilate and stay dry as much as possible. If looking to Treating Your Fungal Nail Swiftly always use a professional fungal nail treatment.

How to avoid getting a Nail Fungal Infection?

Even though this is a very common type of fungal that can get found in lots of different environments that many of us daily visit. Also, this infection is carried by a variety of different people but there are things you can do to prevent having to reach the stage of unhealthy, infected nails.

If getting yourself a good understanding of what causes the Nail Fungal infections as well as making sure to care for your feet, it can be the way to prevent it to occur in the future.

Following is the do´s and don´ts to prevent yourself from getting Nail Fungus:


  • Do not wear shoes with bad ventilation that gets your feet warm and sweaty.
  • Do, remember to change socks and it´s recommended to be wearing cotton socks.
  • Do, throw old shoes away.
  • Do, wash and dry your feet proper on a regular basis.
  • Do, cut your nails short and keep them clean.
  • Do, avoid usage of nail polish.
  • Do, disinfect your shoes with antibacterial spray.
  • Do, with an anti-fungal powder sprinkle the inside of your shoes and socks.


  • Don´t, share nail clippers or scissors.
  • Don´t share towels.
  • Don´t use other peoples shoes.
  • Don´t walk barefoot when visiting public areas, make sure to use flip-flops instead.
  • Don´t have nail treatments at non-professional Nail Saloons.

Fungal nail infection

At last, it´s important to remember that this is something that sometimes can be hard to avoid if you´re a person that often visit these higher risk environments and can occur to anyone.

If by any chance you are unlucky to get infected even though you have been following these recommendations, then make sure to have it treated as early as possible.

If concerned and wish to speak to someone with more knowledge but do not have the time to make an appointment at the Podiatrist for Fungal Nail Treatment London, then you can always visit a pharmacist.

They can help you with recommendations to take the next step, if that would be to try one of their best Fungal Nail treatments or if they recommend you to take the case further to a certified Podiatrist.

Pharmacists can be a good option to start with if not too sure about your case. They can then provide you with different options on how to get rid of Fungal Nail. There are some different options when it comes to home treatments for Fungal Nail.

They might provide you with anti-fungal nail cream, these types can take up to 12 months to cure the infection, be aware that sometimes this type will not cure at all. The second option they might find a better option for you is a nail-softening cream. This type gets used for 2 weeks to make the nail soften so that the infection can get scraped off. The result should be a healthy new nail growing once the infection gets cured.

How to get rid of Fungal Nail?

Since there are different types and stages of Nail Fungus means that there are also different ways to treat this infection. Best is to have your nail examined and diagnosed by a doctor to find out what type of fungus causing the infection. Once confirmed the best fungal nail removal treatment can be determined.

Preparing for your doctors Appointment

It can be a good idea to come prepared for your doctor’s appointment to be able to make the most out of it to get it properly investigated. Followed by the result and following actions to take.

You can start off with listing any types of symptoms even if they according to you might seem to not be related to the problem of concern. This followed by a list of personal information, this can be things such as recent changes. Also, make sure to provide your doctor with any types of medication you are taking at the moment.

At last, include any kinds of questions you might have for your doctor to answer. These can be questions such as, what is the cause of my condition, what tests do I need, what are the different alternatives for treatment? As well, if you have other health conditions, what´s the best way of managing them together?

Remember that the doctor’s appointment is there for you to get help and provided with the right information and on how to treat a Fungal Nail, feel free to ask anything to make your worries less.

So what are the different types of Fungal Nail treatment?

For lots of people these days the option is to let a medical professional take care of the infection, there is plenty of new treatments for Nail Fungus.

Luckily there are some good options out there if you are looking for fungal nail treatment London. To mention some of them that usually are considered you have Fungal Nail needling, Topical Anti-fungal Agents, Oral Medication and Laser Treatments.

Treating fungus can sometimes be a challenge because of the fact that the infection is inside the nail and makes it hard to reach and treat the area. Once the infection has been treated the old nail has to be completely replaced by a new healthy nail before it can be considered cured.

For fingernails that process can take up to six months and for toenails one year. If you have symptoms on damaged nails then you can try a Fungal Nail remover from the pharmacy but if that doesn’t cure it then you should make an appointment straight away.

Remember the earlier you start the treatment the bigger the chances to cure the infection. Also, patience is important for these conditions. Do not give up and stop an ongoing treatment without confirmation from a doctor, it can ruin the result for the hole treatment.

Fungal Nail treatment

Topical Anti-fungal Agents

In the case of where the cuticles aren´t infected, it can get treated with topical anti-fungal agents, these are different variations of creams, oils and sprays. This kind of treatment does need patience because it has to be applied for several months.

The Podiatrist can advise which treatment to choose and sometimes the best option could be to use this type of treatment whilst on a regular basis visiting a Podiatrist to have the nail taken care of.

It´s sometimes necessary to have the nail filed to help to clear the infected nail. This is beneficial in the case that the nail can absorb the medication, which can speed up the treatment for a healthy nail.

Sometimes treatment with a medicated nail polish can be a good way to start. These nail polishes have ingredients such as Amorolfine or Ciclopirox which are anti-fungal. When it comes to Amorolfine it gets applied 1-2 times a week and the Ciclopirox products need to at first, for a month, be applied every other day.

Good to know is that before starting the treatment the nail first has to be cut and filed as much as possible, in-between the applications, during the treatment the old layer must get removed with alcohol. Some people like to apply a colour on top of this layer to cover some of the discolouration.

Oral Medication

If your Fungal Nail has spread to the cuticles and previous treatments have not helped then you can be in need of Oral Medication. They are only used for severe cases of Nail Fungus and has to be prescribed by a professional medical. These anti-fungal medications go straight into your bloodstream and take care of the infection from within, and takes about 12 weeks. Remember that the end result is a new healthy growing nail and that´s why it can be frustrating before seeing an actual result.

This kind of medication is supposed to be the most effective treatment for severe types of Nail Fungus, although it´s out of importance to know that it can come with side effects. That´s why you need to discuss this with a doctor since being pregnant or having problems with your liver or kidney then this treatment is not possible.

In-clinic Treatments

It is important to know all different solutions for a problem to be able to figure out what is the most suitable treatment for your condition, budget and personal preferences.

If you are looking for a Specialist Fungal Nail Treatment at London Clinics you can achieve Fungal Nail relief in a couple of weeks with help from professionals.

Laser Treatment

Today, thanks too advanced medical technology you can find some great laser treatments out there.

How laser treatment works at a London fungal nail treatment clinic is that it deeply targets the Nail Fungus underneath the nail plate to directly reach the source. The light is passing through without damaging the surrounding area and it´s the increased temperature that causes the process of killing the fungal and the reproduction.

The time of the laser treatment varies depending on the condition and most often the laser treatment is painless. Though some patients can feel a warming of the nail, its safe and comes with no side-effects.

When it comes to treatments of the toenails it can take less than 10 minutes for each foot. Then after that its recommended to be followed up by 1-3 more treatments, for best result, with one to two weeks apart.

What´s good to know before committing to the minor treatment is that the results always vary from person to person. Since the laser is direct eliminating the source in the nail bed, though this will not make the nail clear instant, instead this will stimulate the development of a new healthy nail.

Final Verdict

Nail Fungus is today a common infection that should be taken seriously, not only to prevent the cause to get worse, as well as to prevent it from spreading. It´s quite easily done if you have read this article and just try to keep it in mind.

Luckily today there are new treatments to be found for Fungal Nail Treatment London and can help you get your healthy nails back.

Please feel free to share this article with friends and family to spread the knowledge and reduce the chances of infection, all over the world.

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